This District came into
existence as 16th District of Punjab on
5.11.1995 vide Punjab Govt. notification
No.2/44/94-RB-II (I)/10038 with great efforts
Sh.Dilbagh Singh who rose from an ordinary
citizen to a great leader. On 27/09/2008,
Hon'ble Chief Minister, Punjab, while addressing
a state level rally at Khatkar Kalan, the native
village of Shahid-e-Azam Sardar Bhagat Singh on
the occasion of national level function to
conclude the Birth Centenary celebrations of the
great martyr made the announcement of changing
the name of district from Nawanshahr to "Shahid
Bhagat Singh Nagar". Notification (No.
19/7/07-LR-IV/7929) to this effect was issued on
District Police Structure:-
1. City NSR
2. Sadar NSR
4. NRI SBS Nagar
1. Asron (Temp.)
1. Sadar Banga
2. City Banga
1. Katarian (Temp.)
2. Mehli (Temp.)
There are two Sub-divisions
and 468 villages in this district. Small towns
like Banga, Rahon, Balachaur, Aur, Pojewal and
Bhaddi also consist in this District. There is
three Sub-Divisions namely Nawanshahar,
Balachaur and Banga (Temp.) in this district..
Historical Backgrounds :-
In the past times this town was called 'Naushera',
with the passage of time it become ‘Nawanshahar’
and its new name ‘Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar’
came into existence on 29.09.08. There is one
belief regarding this district that people due
to scare from flood from Sutlej river left the
Rahon town and start residing at Nawanshahar.
Place where people migrated from Rahon were
settled was called Neevan Shahar which later
known as Nawanshahar and now Shahid Bhagat Singh
Geographical situation :-
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar situated at the North
area of India.
Area of this district is 1,27,755 hectares.
According to the census of 2001 the population
of this district is 6,01720.
District Ludhiana and Ropar are situated at the
East and South side of this district. River
Sutlej is a natural boundary of this side.
Phillaur Tehsil of district Jalandhar, Tehsil
Garhshanker of district Hoshiarpur, Tehsil
Anandpur Sahib of district Ropar are touching
the boundary of this district. Most of the
population of this is residing in America,
Canada, United Kingdom and other countries of
the Europe. Railway Stations and railway lines
was set-up in this district during 1914. For the
purpose of traffic and transportation of
material through rail this district is joint
with Rahon, Jalandhar, Jaijon and Phagwara.
Rice,wheat, maize and sugar are sent to other
part of India from this district.
Land of patriots :-
The land of this district is known as the land
of patriot. Great patriot and renown Shaheed
which is not only known in India but in the
entire world that is Shaheed Bhagat Singh also
belong to this district and on the name of that
great patriot name of district has been changed
to Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar on 29.09.08. This
land is also known as the land of Babbars. Many
Babbars sacrificed their lives for the freedom
of this country. Sh.Kishan Singh, Sh.Ajit Singh
and Sh.Swaran Singh, father and uncles of
Shaheed Bhagat Singh respectively also took
active parts in the struggle of freedom of
Doaba Co-operative Sugar Mill, D.C.M. factory
Asron, Engineering Products Asron, Swaraj Mazda
Asron, MAX India and Ranbaxy are the major
industries of this district. Fooder cutting
industry located at Chak Bilga Behram is the
oldest factory of the country and exported its
fooder cutting machines to other countries of
Offices of Deputy Commissioner, Sub-Divisional
Magistrate and Judicial Courts are located on
Nawanshahar - Chandigarh road. Office of Senior
Superintendent of Police is situated at
Historical Town Rahon :-
Rahon is the oldest city of India. Its Govt.
High School is one of the oldest School in
India. Many prominent personalities of undivided
Punjab have studied in this School. This town
was the last town of Maharaja Ranjit Singh Raj.
This town was abolished many time due to natural
calamities like flood etc. Important religious
places like Suraj Kund, Qilla, Shiv Dayal Mandir,
Panj Tirath Mandir etc. are locating there.
There are about 101 old and historical temples.
According to Hindu believes there is complete
one Kund is at Rahon out of total 2-1/2 Kunds in
Saran Pojewal :-
Pojewal Saran was built by Pandit Punnu Ram
Dharmi resident village Mazara. People in
various trades used to stay in this Saran during
the visit in connection with trade activities.
This saran is very beautiful.
This town is situated at Balachaur-Ropar road.
Its first name was Khanpur. There being a kill
of wood, its name came as Kathgarh. Still this
town is surrounded by various type of trees.
Name Balachaur was kept after the name of Baba
Balraj who was great Saint of that time. A big
wrestler from all over India comes here.
Guru Hargobind Sahib the 6th Guru of the Sikh
visited this town and a renown Gurudwara named
Charan Kamal has been set-up in this town. This
town is also known for making utensils.